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Anchored Wall Example: Secant Pile Wall with Tiebacks (English Units)

Anchored Wall Example: 40ft Excavation - Secant Pile Wall with Tiebacks


In this example we will design an anchored secant pile wall, with three tieback rows, supporting a 40ft excavation. The model and analysis have been designed with DeepEX - Shoring Design Software.


A. Project Description


In this example we will design an anchored secant pile wall with 3 tieback rows, supporting a 40ft excavation. The Figure below presents the project model. Tables 1 and 2 present the soil properties and the stratigraphy respectively. Table 3 presents the external loads. Tables 4 and 5 present the wall and support properties respectively. The general ground surface is at El. 0ft and the general water table is at El. -50 ft.


xsecant_piles_tiebacks_excavation_deepex_englishunits_model_2.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.dLpmYeA2Ec.webp

Figure: Project model.


Table 1: Soil properties.


Soil properties

Table 2: Stratigraphy.

Soil Layer

Elevation (ft)

OCR

Ko

F

-0

1

0.577

C

-5

1

0.515

S1

-18

1

0.47

S2

-27

1

0.441

Table 3: External loads.

Load

Load Type

Start Point

End Point

Load Magnitude

Load 1

Strip Surcharge

(-51,0)

(-1,0)

0.6 kips


Table 4: Wall parameters.

Pile width

1.72 ft

Steel pile section

W12x96

Secant pile spacing

1.22 ft

Steel

A50

Wall depth

60 ft


Table 5: Support parameters.

 

Tieback 1

Tieback 2

Tieback 3

Tieback elevation on wall

-10 ft

-20 ft

-30 ft

Tieback spacing

6 ft

6 ft

6 ft

Angle

20 deg

20 deg

20 deg

Free length

27.3 ft

22.5 ft

17.8 ft

Fixed length

35 ft

35 ft

35 ft

Support section

5 Strands x 0.525in

5 Strands x 0.525in

5 Strands x 0.525in

Prestress

70 kips

70 kips

70 kips



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B. Modeling with DeepEX


The model will be created using the DeepEX Model Wizard:


  • Define Analysis Methods:


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Figure: Analysis Methods in DeepEX Wizard.


In this dialog, we choose to apply Limit Equilibrium Analysis method to our model. For the classical earth pressures in design stages with multiple support levels we define FHWA apparent pressures and for the beam analysis we choose CALTRANS method.


  • Define project type and dimensions


xsoldier_piles_tiebacks_excavation_deepex_englishunits_wizard_1.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.kTGKvLsadV.webp

Figure: Project Type and Dimensions in DeepEX Wizard.


In this dialog we select the project type (in this case we select the option to create an anchored wall model). Next, we define the project dimensions (final excavation depth, walls depth, excavation width, top of the wall elevation and water table). Finally, we define the support properties (in this case tieback spacing and the tieback structural section). The software will use the same properties (spacing, structural sections etc) for all created supports. Later we can access each support on the model area (double-click on the support) and edit the specific support properties.


  • Define soil types and stratigraphy


xwizardgeneral_all_2.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.YvX0Rxke6o (1).webp

Figure: Soil Properties and Soil Layers in DeepEX Wizard.


xwizardgeneral_englishunits_2_3.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.pza1gAf8K0.webp

Figure: Soil Properties and Soil Layers dialogs in DeepEX.


In these dialogs we can define the required soil types and the properties for each created soil, as well as, the model stratigraphy by defining the top of the soil layer elevation and the soil type in each layer.


  • Define wall type and wall section properties


xsecant_piles_tiebacks_excavation_deepex_englishunits_wizard_2_1.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.Hburt9KKyl.webp

Figure: Wall types in DeepEX Wizard.


xsecant_piles_tiebacks_excavation_deepex_englishunits_wizard_2_2.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.SVRK5HL2HM.webp

Figure: Wall Sections dialog in DeepEX.


In these dialogs we select the wall section type (in this case secant pile wall), the steel pile section, the wall spacing and the concrete – steel materials.


  • Define Stages – Support Elevations


xsoldier_piles_tiebacks_excavation_deepex_englishunits_wizard_3.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.1vWtVRoqi1.webp

Figure: Support Elevations in DeepEX Wizard.


In this dialog, we define the depth from the surface or each support level, as well as, the depth below each support level where we wish to excavate in the stages, before the support is installed. The software automatically calculates all elevations (excavations and support installation levels) of these defined depths and generates all intermediate construction stages.


  • Define Surcharge


xwizardgeneral_englishunits_3.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.fvwf6nlGEA.webp

Figure: Support Elevations in DeepEX Wizard.


In this dialog we define the surcharge type and properties, as well as the surcharge modeling options. In this case we will use a 0.6 kips strip surcharge, developed for 50 ft, starting 1ft behind the left wall. After the model is automatically generated by the software wizard, we can access the stages in the model area and add any required additional loads graphically, using the Draw Loads options in the General tab of DeepEX.


  • Define structural codes:


xwizardgeneral_englishunits_4.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.Jk9-2207hu.webp

 Figure: Structural Codes in DeepEX Wizard.


In this dialog, we can define the structural and geotechnical design codes that we wish to assign to this model. In this case, we will use US allowable settings for steel design and ACI for concrete.


The software automatically creates all project construction stages, according to our selections in the Model Wizard. The following Figures present the models in Stages 5 and 7 respectively:


xsecant_piles_tiebacks_excavation_deepex_englishunits_model_1.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.M3Rr1CWFhG.webp

Figure: Generated Model – Stage 5.


xsecant_piles_tiebacks_excavation_deepex_englishunits_model_2.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.dLpmYeA2Ec.webp

Figure: Generated Model – Stage 7.


 

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Design Methods

Design Methods


Several design methods for the wall beam analysis and various geotechnical standards are implemented!



 

C. Anchored Wall Analysis and Results

 

Since the model is ready, we can choose to calculate the design section, pressing on the button


Selected design


After the analysis is succeeded, the Summary table appears. The table below includes some critical checks and values for each construction stage. The following figures present some graphical results from the results tab of DeepEX.


Table: DeepEX critical results/stage


xsecant_piles_tiebacks_excavation_deepex_englishunits_results_1.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.dLtdvHFznJ.webp

xsecant_piles_tiebacks_excavation_deepex_englishunits_results_2.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic._tjSCM08O2.webp

Figure: Wall moment and shear diagrams, Stage 7.


xsecant_piles_tiebacks_excavation_deepex_englishunits_results_3.jpg__800x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.VRUJDtDTjD.webp

Figure: Wall deflections and soil pressures diagrams, Stage 7.


xsecant_piles_tiebacks_excavation_deepex_englishunits_results_4.jpg__500x0_q85_subsampling-2_upscale.jpg.pagespeed.ic.-gMXEu_Vy5.webp

Figure: Wall embedment safety factors, Stage 7.


 

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Projects designed with DeepEX

$2 Billion Hudson Yards, New York

Circular wet soil mix shaft, Florida

Soldier Pile Wall in Manhattan, NY

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